:

..

> 0 (. 3.9),

[278,283286] () . - 83

, = . , - . , 8 = FTPF/2M*tf > ( , d , * ) CD . CD(T) . [287, 288] -2

* = . [289] , , . [278, 283286], 2, .

[290] (3.17) . = = (62) V = V/N , N = (2/97R.)'V3. (3.17)

(3.26)

(3.25)

9D('-)/6D= 1 - /(8*).

6D(R) , V S, (3.25) (3.26) ~ 3V/S:

ED(R) l+jns/wk)

(3.27)

9D ~l + (izS/4Vk)'

(3.28)

[290] (3.26)

9D(;-)/ED= 1 + [(2-/) - (/)],

, .

<,

'MAX " MAX

%() , [284]

(3.29)

'()/:

eD(R) = = '().

(3.23)

= f-k^ + (9/8)2 + ,

= (1 + /) _ ED(R) 2+(9n/S)rk

(3.24)

9D 2+(97/4)* + 3'

(3.17) :

9D(R) , 9D , (3.29) , m > 1.

:

k_QD(r) 1 + {/) 9D ~1 + (/4;*)'

(3.25)

> = -L

Nm J

'(,) , , v 2 'g((u)doi>.

(3.30)

84

85

w

. Ag Au 0,0510,0 0 [291]. > 1 Ag (d = 10 ) Au (d = 4,6 18 ) 310 .

Au (d = 18 ) 0,21,0 . Au 18 6 , 4 , 55 1,5 . Ag = 6 : < 1 Ag , > 1 (. 3.10). [285] . Au , .

Pb 2,2, 3,7 6,6 In 2,2 [292, 293] , < 10 ,.() 2575 % , . = () - , 3 5 . ,(/) < 2

31
< > 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74

" : " (1.38Mb)


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03

.

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- . , , , , , , . , , , , , , , . , , , , , , , . , . , , , . , 1972 .

 

 



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